A March Towards Diabetes-Free World
Unlike, many other diseases emergence of diabetes in our human world has caused havoc in the world, at large. Dr. Poonam Khetrapal Singh, Regional Director, of South-East Asia, once addressed the issue of diabetes and said, “Diabetes will be the world’s seventh largest killer by 2030, unless intense and focused efforts are made by governments, communities & individuals”. This statement in itself foretells the ugly command diabetes can have in the future over the nationals of every continent. This disease not only affects the individual but his productivity, as well and thus, leave the nation’s development and economy suffering.
The lancet study has presented the perplexing facts which reveal the large population of the world getting affected by the diabetes and the nationals of the following countries tops the chart viz., China, India & USA. In their study, they found the numbers of diabetic population in India increasing from 11.9 million in 1980 to 64.5 million in India, at an alarming rate.
During the World War II, the nations were fighting against each other, which resulted in the higher numbers of casualties; further, to treat those victims who were running low in blood flow within the body were supplied blood instantly via. the help of the volunteers as well as by the network of facilities which stored and collected blood for use in transfusion known to be firstly, established by the Soviet Union. These developments paved way to the ‘blood bank’, the word which was coined by Dr. Bernard Fantus.
The question certainly arises- What is diabetes and what this fuss is all about?
To which the explanation goes- like the food we eat provides us the energy and that energy is taken in the form of glucose. Glucose is an essential component to provide energy to our cells and the hormone which helps in getting the glucose into cells is called Insulin. And if any change occurs in this process, it results into Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes. If one has Type1 Diabetes, body doesn’t make insulin and if one’s body does not make or use insulin properly, the person gets inflicted with Type 2 Diabetes. Commonly, diabetes is termed as a disease which occurs when the blood glucose or blood sugar levels get high. This may inflict anyone, irrespective of the gender, age or nationality.
The causes of diabetes are thoroughly worked on and are acknowledged by the medical world. These causes mostly pertains to the modern lifestyle which ranges from intake of unhealthy food, obesity, stress, non-activity of body, living sedentary life and other factors can be viral or bacterial infection, chemical toxins in food or genetic disposition. The causal effect of diabetes can be seen in the form of weight gain, frequent urination, fatigue, blindness, male sexual dysfunction, glaucoma, diabetic retinopathy, stroke, critical limb ischemia (Leg Attack), nerve damage, kidney dysfunction and so on. The treatment that has been offered for combating diabetes in medical terms has been of injecting insulin and administering medicines for longer periods (even till one’s natural death), but other than these, the steps that are to be taken includes, the adoption of healthy lifestyle, proper exercise, intake of healthy food and leaving sedentary lifestyle.
A need has been felt by all nations to aware people about the disease and provide them with the effective and accessible treatment against the disease. Public education and self-care are readily, to be made part of the public policies. Though, Government of India has taken step to counter the menace of diabetes along with the other non-communicable diseases in the form of a National Programme for Prevention and Control of Cancers, Diabetes, Cardiovascular Diseases and Stroke, launched in the year of 2009 covering more than 200 districts in the country aiming to provide a cost effective, accessible treatment, spreading awareness for regular checkups and prior detection of the disease. This fight against diabetes has taken toll on the victims, emerging victorious in bits and pieces, but with our tenacity to overcome the barrier, we will eventually succeed and head towards the healthy, positive future.